The ADDIE Instructional Design Model

A brief description of the ISD process:
  1. Analyze
    • Analyze system (department, job, etc.) to gain a complete understanding of it.
    • Compile a task inventory of all tasks associated with each job (if needed).
    • Select tasks that need to be trained (needs analysis).
    • Build performance measures for the tasks to be trained.
    • Choose instructional setting for the tasks to be trained, e.g. classroom, on-the-job, self study, etc.
    • Estimate what is going to cost to train the tasks.
  2. Design
    • Develop the learning objectives for each task, to include both terminal and enabling objectives.
    • Identify and list the learning steps required to perform the task.
    • Develop the performance tests to show mastery of the tasks to be trained, e.g. written, hands on, etc.
    • List the entry behaviors that the learner must demonstrate prior to training.
    • Sequence and structure the learning objectives, e.g. easy tasks first.
  3. Develop
    • List activities that will help the students learn the task.
    • Select the delivery method such as tapes, handouts, etc.
    • Review existing material so that you do not reinvent the wheel.
    • Develop the instructional courseware.
    • Synthesize the courseware into a viable training program.
    • Validate the instruction to ensure it accomplishes all goals and objectives.
  4. Implement
    • Create a management plan for conducting the training.
    • Conduct the training.
  5. Evaluate
    • Review and evaluate each phase (analyze, design, develop, implement) to ensure it is accomplishing what it is supposed to.
    • Perform external evaluations, e.g. observe that the tasks that were trained can actually be performed by the learner on the job.
    • Revise training system to make it better.


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